A private company was capable of heating hydrogen plasma to 15 million degrees Celsius, which is warmer than the Sun’s nucleus, in a new reactor, for the first time in history. Tokamak Energy in the United Kingdom called the new test a new milestone on mankind’s journey towards nuclear fusion energy production, likely to be completed by 2030, as LiveScience reports.
The firm, which is dubbed as the vacuum chamber in which the fusion reaction is carried out held in place by strong magnetic fields, said that extremely hot plasma was being produced in the ST40 experimental nuclear fusion reactor.
The hugely successful demonstration and its surprising outcome, namely, the highest plasma temperature ever obtained by humans ever, signifies that the reactor is now suitable for a 100 million degrees Celsius plasma trial. The forthcoming experiment will bring the ST40 into the required operating temperature range for a controlled nuclear fusion reaction.
Controlled nuclear fusion reaction for energy production could become a reality by 2030
Also, by 2025, the company intends to construct a new reactor which will generate more megawatts of power.
The ST40 reactor has a compact, spherical construction, which differs from that of the ITER which is the international mega-project of nuclear fusion research and engineering, which is currently building the largest experimental tokamak reactor for fusion energy.
An invaluable feature of the former is that it can use a few superconductive magnets to produce a magnetic field that is sufficiently strong to prevent the walls of the room from getting scuffed. The 2.1 meter high electromagnets surrounding the Tokamak Energy reactor are chilled with liquid helium to work at temperatures of minus 253.15 degrees Celsius.
Obtaining a stable nuclear fusion reaction could propel humanity into a new era of energy production and beyond that, as the nuclear fusion energy could also be in other industries including interstellar space travel, among others.
Erin VanDyke lives on her family farm and has more than 35 years of hands-on experience with the use of livestock guard dogs for predator control. On their farm, Jan and her family use corgis as herding dogs and have raised Shetland sheep, Fainting goats, Morgan and Trakehner horses, and historic breeds of chickens and turkeys. Erin is also an active beekeeper.