NASA and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) have discovered a black hole spinning at speeds close to the limit set by Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity. But this is even more special, as it rotates at one of the highest speeds ever recorded.
Scientists now have two ways of measuring black holes, either by their mass or by the speed at which they rotate. In the latter case, the velocity at which they are found comprises a range, from lowest to highest, between 0 and 1. The black hole NASA and ISRO found has been located in the 4U 1630-47 system thanks to the Indian AstroSat satellite and NASA’s Chandra X-Ray Observatory, according to the Hindustan Times.
If the conditions around black holes are as the scientists estimated, the entry of the gaseous elements into the black hole at the speed of light and high temperatures could be the key to understanding how galaxies are formed.
NASA and ISRO Found A Black Hole That Rotates So Fast That It Can Spin Space
“It’s only done through high-quality X-ray observations at the correct stage of the binary star system, where the black hole devours matter from its companion star,” explained the study’s leading author Mayukh Pahari, who is also a member of the Tata Institute and the University of Southampton, in the United Kingdom.
The team of researchers, whose study will be published in The Astrophysical Journal, stressed that the finding is important because it tests the theory of relativity and, in general, shed more light on how the Universe works and how the galaxies formed.
Those X-rays emitted by the black hole were caused by the gas and dust that fell into the black hole, which is about ten times the mass of the Sun. Those X-rays emission revealed to researchers that the mysterious space object is spinning incredibly fast, as reported by Bussines Insider.
With over seven years of experience in online journalism, Vadim is passionate about everything related to science and the environment. For us, he will thus cover climate, environment, and science news, among others.