India is preparing for a new moon mission which should begin in July when Chandrayaan-2, a new lunar initiative, will be launched. The Indian Space Research Organization has declared that the modules of the probe are currently in development and they should be ready before the launch period arrives. The project includes the modules known under the name of Orbiter, Lander and Rover.
Several mechanisms will link the Lander and Orbital modules and placed together as an integrated module inside the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle. It is also known that the Rover will be kept inside the Lander until the modules reach the surface of the moon.
After the vehicle will carry the module to space a propulsion system mounted on the Orbiter will guide it towards the orbit of the moon. When an ideal position will be reached the Lander module will be separated from the Orbiter. The target landing area is located close to the lunar south pole.
The Chandrayaan-2 lunar lander would help India to land on the Moon
The Chandrayaan-1 was the first lunar probe launched by India. The spacecraft was launched in October 2008 and it operational for almost one year. A lunar orbiter and an impactor were used, and the feat was a significant milestone for the Indian Space Research Organization.
After two months of travel, the orbiter reached the lunar orbit, and the Moon Impact Probe was released, successfully landing in the south pole and allowing India the become the fourth nation to land a spacecraft on the moon.
The initial schedule inferred an ideal lifetime period of two years as the Indian space agency planned to analyze the chemical features of the atmosphere and to create an accurate map of the surroundings. The mission ended after less than one year when the orbiter suffered several technical failures. However, it managed to collect valuable information during its limited lifetime. The Lander and the Rover will perform a variety of experiment on the lunar surface with the help of several scientific tools.
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