Black Holes Study To Rewrite Astronomy Textbooks With A Groundbreaking Discovery

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There’s no doubt that black holes are the most puzzling space object in the entire Universe. Now, scientists came closer to solve out some of the mysteries surrounding these space objects, as a new black holes study might rewrite astronomy textbooks with a groundbreaking discovery.

By their definition, black holes are regions of spacetime that possess an incredible gravitational force absorbing everything surrounding them, including light particles. Until now, scientists depicted black holes as donut-shaped space objects, but, according to a new groundbreaking discovery, they are more like 3D fountains.

After examining one particular supermassive black hole situated at about 14 million light years away from us, at the center of the so-called Circinus Galaxy, the researchers observed that the gas surrounding the event horizon resembles a 3D fountain spewing the matter. The conclusions of this new research challenge the scientifically-accepted belief that a black hole is shaped like a donut.

Black Holes Study To Rewrite Astronomy Textbooks With A Groundbreaking Discovery

According to the new study, the cold gas masses up near the plane of rotation in a disk-shaped structure until the molecules break down due to extreme heating. The black holes are then expelling the gas above and below the disk, looking like a fountain.

“Previous theoretical models set prior assumptions of rigid donuts. Rather than starting from assumptions, our simulation started from the physical equations and showed for the first time that the gas circulation naturally forms a donut,” explained Keiichi Wada, a Kagoshima University researcher.

“Our simulation can also explain various observational features of the system. By investigating the motion and distribution of both the cold molecular gas and warm atomic gas with ALMA, we demonstrated the origin of the so-called ‘donut’ structure around active black holes. Based on this discovery, we need to rewrite the astronomy textbooks,” he added.


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