Mayo Clinic Released AI Testing for Irregular Heart Rhythm for Asymptomatic Patients

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Mayo Clinic created a brilliant invention that uses artificial intelligence to spot the first signs of irregular heart rhythm, even when it seemed regular while being tested within old EKG. The irregularities, called atrial fibrillation (AF), represent a fatal disease. The worst to happen is heart clots that move to the brain and lungs. The outcomes may consist of strokes, lung embolism, heart failure, and even death.

AI can be regarded as a shorter route for physicians in recognizing accurately asymptomatic AF, as well as providing a prognosis of when it is about to take place.It enhances the efficiency of the old EKG, being a straightforward and economical test that detects heart disease according to specific criteria.

AF is tied with the long-term asymmetry of heartbeats caused by a troubled heart’s pacemaker, a part of the heart muscle that is able to establish the regular heartbeats. But due to heart conditions, it becomes so irregular that the heart’s rhythm becomes unpredictable.

A Disease That Hides Itself

The issue of detecting AF is that it is not there all the time. It occurs in some moments during the day and then shifts to normal. In consequence, the patients with AF can easy go undiagnosed by a normal EKG that measures the cadence of heart for only 10 seconds. The whole procedure consists in placing 12 electrodes on specific body areas, but monitoring for a longer time implies additional costs.

The senior author, Paul Friedman, states that prescribing a blood thinner for the travelling clots can significantly lower the risk of a stroke. However, it can’t be used as a prevention measure in the lack of the diagnosis because it is useless and imposes risks.

The New Improved EKG Test Available on Smarphones

A long story short, diagnose is a must for life, and the conditions to do it were not proper for this disease, until now.

And this is what the researchers planned.

To train AI fine detection, they registered for the software 450,000 EKGs undertook by Mayo Clinic patients and over 7 million kept in its digital archives. The small heartbeat changes can be spotted only by a digital eye, and next, they tested AI to see if the software learned the lesson.
The specialists nodded in surprise to see the high accuracy of the digital apprentice. Friedman states that if the study receives the green light, AI-guided EKGs could soon be used to diagnose the asymptomatic cases.

Even better, the AI enabling technology is available on smartphones and watches, which means that millions of users can use it at the distance of a finger-touch.


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