Amazon Rainforest Might “Dry Up” By 2100 Due To Greenhouse Gas Emissions


In their new study, scientists at the University of California, Irvine, USA, forecast that the Amazon rainforest might dry up in the near future, whereas the forests of Africa and Indonesia might become wetter, all these due to increasing greenhouse gas emissions. The findings of the research were published on the university’s website, UCI News.

The Amazonian rainforest houses most of the species on Earth, overcoming Africa and Asia. One out of ten species on the Earth lives in the Amazonian jungle, which becomes the biggest collection of plants and animal species in the world. To date, more than 40,000 plant species, 2,200 fish species, 1,294 bird species, 427 mammals species, 428 amphibians, and 378 reptile species have the Amazonian jungle as their habitat.

Greenhouse gas emissions cause significant imbalances in the rainfall patterns around the world

The main reason for this potentially alarming trend, according to scientists, is the growth in greenhouse gas emissions. The report shows that the change in precipitation is due, in fact, to the rise in carbon dioxide levels.

Asymmetric large-scale rainfall patterns might arise because of the unique manner in which rainforests in various regions ” react ” to the ” overabundance of carbon dioxide ” that humans release into the atmosphere, said James Randerson, an Earth science specialist. This is especially true for rainforests in the Amazon and Asia, according to the expert.

BY 2100, there will be more rains in the Asia and Africa rainforests, while the Amazon rainforest will experience a reduction in precipitations

In the opinion of one of the study’s contributors, Gabriel Kooperman, the rainforests’ reaction to increasing carbon dioxide levels might represent an increasingly significant source of climate change in the tropical regions.

In this way, researchers forecast the reinforcement of rainfall asymmetry in the tropical regions by 2100, with more rainfall in the rainforests of Asia and Africa and a reduction in rainfall in the Amazon rainforest, due to more and more greenhouse gas emissions.


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