Wind Energy Strategy in Windsor makes wind farms three times more popular than Ontario, a study found.
This research was published in the most recent edition of the Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning .
The distinctive feature of Nova Scotia’s strategy is to encourage community-based development and ensure a distribution of profits in the province.
The study reveals that the provinces that encourage rapid development and limit the decision-making power of the local authorities see the wind projects rejected by the communities.
In this study, researchers from the Department of Geography at the University of Western Ontario, Chad Walker and Jamie Baxter, compared the energy approaches developed in southwestern Ontario and Nova Scotia.
In Ontario, for example, researchers note that the 2009 Green Energy Act limits the involvement of local communities in project development. The result is criticism of a vertical approach to the process, carried out by companies, with no impact on communities.
On the other hand, according to the researchers, Nova Scotia has taken action to support projects whose profits accrue to the communities and remain largely in the province.
“In Nova Scotia, support for local wind power projects was three times higher and negative impressions about health effects were three times lower than Ontario,” said Chad Walker.
The authors conclude that projects for new wind sites should focus on redistribution of profits and community consultation.